Tuesday, October 11, 2011

What is dyslexia?


The differences are personal.
The Diagnosis is clinical.
The treatment is educational.
The understanding is scientific.

Margaret Byrd Rawson and Roger Saunders -1988

The word dyslexia comes from the Greek – dys meaning difficulty and lex meaning speak, hence dyslexia can be defined in its simplest form as difficulty with words and languages.

Dyslexia is a neurological based learning disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Characteristics of dyslexia range in degree from the very mild to the extremely severe. It is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic.

It can be seen as a developmental variation in the way a person learns language skills. Just as some people have difficulty in learning various skills like drawing, music or even playing ball games, in the same way, a dyslexic has difficulty with language skills.

Children and adults with dyslexia typically fail to master the basic elements of the language system of their culture despite traditional classroom teaching. Since language is the necessary tool upon which subsequent academic learning is based, people with dyslexia often encounter difficulty in all educational endeavors.

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